THE BIG FIVE PERSONALITY
According to Kendra Cherry, there are five basic dimensions of personality which have been suggested by personality researchers. The Big Five Personality, or also known as the ‘Big 5’, comprises of five domains, which are:
|1||Openness to Experience||curious, intelligent, imaginative.
High scorers tend to be artistic and sophisticated in taste and appreciate diverse views, ideas, and experiences.
|2||Conscientiousness||responsible, organized, persevering.
Conscientious individuals are extremely reliable and tend to be high achievers, hard workers, and planners.
|3||Extroversion||outgoing, amicable, assertive.Friendly and energetic, extroverts draw inspiration from social situations.|
|4||Agreeableness||cooperative, helpful, nurturing.People who score high in agreeableness are peace-keepers who are generally optimistic and trusting of others.|
|5||Neuroticism||anxious, insecure, sensitive.Neurotics are moody, tense, and easily tipped into experiencing negative emotions.|
However, each person cannot have only one type of domain, because, in the real world, most people lie somewhere in between two domains. Research has verified that these domains of characteristics are likely to occur together in many people. Personality is as complex and various as feelings.
The Big Five Personality Project is one of the course evaluations, which was requested by our respective lecturers, Dr. Zulkifli Ahmad and Dr. Zaini Amir.
This Project requires each one of ELS students to choose five respondents, with different characteristic of domain personality, from their Facebook list of friends to be analyzed and put into which domain personality. In order to do that, each one of ELS students had to create a questionnaire/ survey to be distributed to their respondents and to a friend of each respondent. When the questionnaires have been collected, they will be analyzed to get the result of whether the assumptions made by the students are correct or not.
As what I have posted in the previous post, I have grouped the answers of each questionnaire (to the respondents and to the friends) according to the domains in The Big Five Personality.
For Question 3, each statement reflects which domain of personality it falls into. The tables below show all of the statements which were grouped into which domain personality.
|OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE
Appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, curiosity, and variety of experience.
|1||I have a vivid imagination.|
|2||I am quick to understand things.|
|3||I am full of ideas.|
|4||I love challenging activities.|
|5||I can adapt myself in a new surrounding quickly.|
A tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement; planned rather than spontaneous behaviour.
|1||I am always prepared.|
|2||I get chores done right away.|
|3||I follow a schedule.|
|4||I have planned my future.|
|5||I organize things accordingly.|
Energetic, positive emotions, and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others.
|1||I feel comfortable around people.|
|2||I usually start conversations.|
|3||I don’t mind being the center of attention.|
|4||I love making new friends.|
|5||I talk to a lot of different people during an event.|
A tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic towards others.
|1||I have a soft heart.|
|2||I feel others’ emotions.|
|3||I make people feel at ease.|
|4||I am interested in people.|
|5||I sympathize with others’ feelings.|
A tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily; such as anger, anxiety, depression, or vulnerability.
|1||I get stressed out easily.|
|2||I have frequent mood swings.|
|3||I feel insecure sometimes.|
|4||I am easily disturbed.|
|5||I get irritated easily.|
For Question 4 until Question 10, each choice of answer was grouped accordingly into the correct domain of personality. There are 5 choices of answer for each question. The first choice (a) reflects the Openness to Experience Domain, while the second choice (b) implies the Conscientiousness Domain. The third choice (c) mirrors the Extroversion Domain. Agreeableness Domain is reflected by choice of answer number 4 (d) and the last choice of answer (e) shows the Neuroticism Domain. Therefore, the conclusions are as follow:
1) Answers mostly (a) – Openness to Experience
2) Answers mostly (b) – Conscientiousness
3) Answers mostly (c) – Extroversion
4) Answers mostly (d) – Agreeableness
5) Answers mostly (e) – Neuroticism
OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE DOMAIN
According to postings from Respondent 1 (R1) on Facebook, I have put her into the Openness to Experience domain personality. My assumption was proven correct based on R1’s answers on the questionnaire.
The pie chart shows the overall result of R1’s Big Five Personality. R1 has the highest percentage in the Openness to Experience domain, as what had been assumed before. However, R1’s personality is also combined with the other Big Five personality domains, which are Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Extroversion, with 22%, 21%, 18%, and 14% respectively.
In brief, based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to Respondent 1, it is found that there is significant correlation between R1’s language in Facebook with her true personality.
FRIEND OF RESPONDENT 1
However, from the feedback given by the Friend of Respondent 1 (F1), it reflected that F1 does not think that R1 is a person with Openness to Experience domain personality. The answers from F1 mostly implied that R1 is a person with Agreeableness domain personality.
The chart shows the percentage of R1’s Big Five Personality according to F1. F1’s answers are mostly (d) with 31%, which puts R1 in the Agreeableness domain, followed by Openness to Experience domain with only a slight difference (27%), Extroversion domain with 23% and 19% of Conscientiousness domain. On the contrary from R1’s answers, F1 does not even think that R1 has a minor Neuroticism domain.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to F1, it is found that there is no significant correlation between R1’s language in Facebook with the true personality of R1.
My first assumption on Respondent 2 (R2) was that a person with the Conscientiousness domain, nevertheless, it was incorrect because all of R2’s answers have reflected more on the Agreeableness domain.
Based on the pie chart, R2 had answered the questionnaire mostly in (d), which implies that R2 has more of Agreeableness domain, followed by an equal amount of both Conscientiousness and Extroversion domains (20%), 17% of Openness to Experience domain, and only 10% of Neuroticism domain.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to Respondent 2, it is found that there is no significant correlation between the language in Facebook with the true personality of R2.
FRIEND OF RESPONDENT 2
In contrast from answers of R2, the initial assumption of R2 was proven accurate by R2’s friend (F2) as the answers given are mostly (b), which reflect the Conscientiousness domain personality.
As what the chart shows, the answers given by F2 have implied that R2 has more than half (62%) of Conscientiousness domain personality, followed by 19% of Openness to Experience domain, 13% of Agreeableness domain and only 6% of Extroversion domain. There are no answers given by F2 which reflect Neuroticism domain personality towards R2.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to F2, it is found that there is significant correlation between the language in Facebook with the true personality of R2.
In short, the answers chosen by Respondent 3 (R3) have reflected that R3 is actually a person with equal level of Conscientiousness and Agreeableness domains, not a person with Extroversion domain, as what had been assumed.
According to the chart, apart from the equal amount of Conscientiousness and Agreeableness domains, which is 26% each, R3 also has another equal amount between Openness to Experience and Extroversion domains, with 22% each, while only 4% of Neuroticism domain.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to R3, it is found that there is no significant correlation between the language in Facebook with the true personality of R3.
FRIEND OF RESPONDENT 3
Differently from R3’s answers, it was found that F3 has agreed with the assumption of R3 being a person with Extroversion domain personality.
Based on the chart, even though the highest percentage of R3’s Big Five personality is Extroversion domain (29%), as what has been assumed, there is a very slight difference from that domain with Openness to Experience domain with 28%, followed by equal amount of both Agreeableness and Conscientiousness domains, with 18% each, and only 7% of Neuroticism domain.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to F3, it is found that there is significant correlation between the language in Facebook with the true personality of R3.
To sum up, Respondent 4 (R4) had given me feedback that supported my assumption, which put R4 into Agreeableness domain personality.
In the chart, the highest percentage of R4’s Big Five personality falls into Agreeableness domain with 32%, as what had been assumed. This is followed by Extroversion domain with 24%, 20% of Openness to Experience, and Conscientiousness and Neuroticism domains which share the same amount (12% each).
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to R4, it is found that there is significant correlation between R4’s language in Facebook with the true personality.
FRIEND OF RESPONDENT 4
In addition, based on the findings from Respondent 4’s friend (F4), the answers given have implied that R4 has equal level of both Extroversion and Agreeableness domains of personality.
Based on the chart, F4 has given feedback which implies that R4 has the highest level of Agreeableness and Extroversion domains, which share the same percentage (25% each). Openness to Experience domain has the second highest amount, which is 21%, followed by Neuroticism (18%), and Conscientiousness domain with the lowest amount (11%).
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to F4, it is found that there is significant correlation between R4’s language in Facebook with the true personality.
Judging from postings of Respondent 5 (R5) on Facebook, I have categorized R5 into Neuroticism domain. But, according to R5’s answers on the questionnaire, they clearly do not support my assumption.
From the chart, R5 has given answers which most describe R5 as a person with Agreeableness domain, with the most percentage (33%). The personality is also combined with Extroversion domain, with 25%, followed by 21% of Openness to Experience domain, Conscientiousness domain with 17%, and only 4% of Neuroticism domain.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to R5, it is found that there is no significant correlation between the language in Facebook with the true personality of R5.
FRIEND OF RESPONDENT 5
R5’s answers have clearly denied my assumption; similarly, R5’s friend (F5) has also given responses which do not reflect the same assumption at all.
According to the chart, F5 has given answers which imply more of the Agreeableness domain in R5, with the amount of 32%. This is followed by Extroversion and Conscientiousness domains which share the same percentage (24% each), and 20% of Openness to Experience. On the contrary from R5’s answers, F5 has given answers which do not support the assumption at all, as the result for Neuroticism domain is 0%.
Based on the research findings using surveyMonkey questionnaire to F5, it is found that there is no significant correlation between R5’s language in Facebook with the true personality.
Based on the results I gained from the questionnaires which I distributed to five respondents and a friend of each respondent, I can conclude that:
1) R1’s answers support my assumption, but F1’s answers do not support my assumption.
2) Answers from R2 and R3 do not support my assumptions, but answers from F2 and F3 do.
3) Both R4 and F4 have given answers which support my assumption.
4) Both R5 and F5 have given answers which do not support my assumption at all.
Wherever and whenever I am, I have this one habit of reading the advertisements, banners, boards, labels, plate numbers, and anything with words on it. At the beginning, it was just a common thing for me to do. Until I spotted mistake(s) like these.
~ I don’t think there will be a person who would be amazed by a prize which was cut into half!
(Malay) Alaun *Elaun*
definition: crap = noun (slang) a rude word meaning nonsense or rubbish (Oxford Dictionary Second Edition, 2009)
~Honestly, this is the funniest mistake I have ever encountered!
~ but I am pretty sure *Waffle* is the right one.
Dear customer please not allowed bag
*No bags allowed*
These are all I have right now. Just to be clear, I am not pointing out mistake(s), but I happened to realize them and I could not help but to think that these are wrong. You wanted to promote your business, but you ignored the important part of it; your choice of words. People are mostly attracted to what you show to them; be it words or images or numbers. They are all the focal point to determine your success or failure of your promotion or sales. If you cannot be a thinker, seek for help. Be wiser.
1. What is your friend’s name?
2. What sort of posts does your friend share on Facebook?
3. Your friend…
|has a vivid imagination.||
|is always prepared.||
|feels comfortable around people.||
|has a soft heart.||
|gets stressed out easily.||
|is quick to understand things.||
|gets chores done right away.||
|usually starts conversations.||
|feels others’ emotions.||
|has frequent mood swings.||
|is full of ideas.||
|follows a schedule.||
|doesn’t mind being the center of attention.||
|makes people feel at ease.||
|feels insecure sometimes.||
|loves challenging activities.||
|has planned his/her future.||
|loves making new friends.||
|is interested in people.||
|is easily disturbed.||
|can adapt himself/ herself in a new surrounding quickly.||
|organizes things accordingly.||
|talks to a lot of different people during an event.||
|sympathizes with others’ feelings.||
|gets irritated easily.||
4. You friend is in a meeting. He/ She…
contributes new and creative idea(s).
makes a to-do list regarding the matters discussed during the meeting.
talks a lot to draw attention to himself/ herself.
cooperates and helps with the meeting.
feels nervous and uncomfortable during the meeting.
5. You are having a rough time in your life. Your friend will…
give advice based on his/ her experience.
tell me to solve things one by one.
try to cheer me up.
make me feel at ease.
be reminded of his/ her own problems.
6. Your friend is stuck in a traffic jam on his/ her way back from work. Respond from your friend is…
to think that it is normal.
to try to find an alternative way(s) to get back faster.
to listen to the music and sing along.
to just wait and be patient.
to be annoyed by the traffic jam.
7. Your friend has a stressful week. Your friend’s way of managing himself/ herself is by…
channeling the negative emotion by writing in his/ her diary/ blog or drawing.
being determined to complete the tasks.
going out with his/ her friends to have fun.
being optimistic and believing in himself/ herself to overcome it.
being moody and have frequent mood swings.
8. Your friend is required to work in a group. How does he/ she react?
“I will get new experience”.
“I am ready and prepared for it”.
“I can’t wait to work with new friends”.
“I will try to get along with my group members”.
“I am worried I couldn’t get along with them”.
9. Your friend comes to an event alone. Once inside, he/ she…
smiles to everyone and enjoy himself/ herself.
carefully chooses the right people as new friends.
talks to different people and mingles with the crowd.
tries to get along with the people.
prefers to be alone and feels uncomfortable.
10. Your friend just moved into a new city. His/ Her own way of adapting to the new surrounding is…
by taking a walk to explore the city and the people.
to plan his/ her daily life and organize himself/ herself.
by having a small gathering and inviting new neighbors to come.
to be positive and trust himself/ herself that he/ she will get used to it.
by staying alone in the house and feeling uneasy.
1. What is your name?
2. What sort of posts do you share with your friends on facebook?
3. Rate yourself.
|I have a vivid imagination.|
|I am always prepared.|
|I feel comfortable around people.|
|I have a soft heart.|
|I get stressed out easily.|
|I am quick to understand things.|
|I get chores done right away.|
|I usually start conversations.|
|I feel others’ emotions.|
|I have frequent mood swings.|
|I am full of ideas.|
|I follow a schedule.|
|I don’t mind being the center of attention.|
|I make people feel at ease.|
|I feel insecure sometimes.|
|I love challenging activities.|
|I have planned my future.|
|I love making new friends.|
|I am interested in people.|
|I am easily disturbed.|
|I can adapt myself in a new surrounding quickly.|
|I organize things accordingly.|
|I talk to a lot of different people during an event.|
|I sympathize with others’ feelings.|
|I get irritated easily.|
4. You are in a meeting. What do you normally do?
|I contribute new and creative idea(s).I make a to-do list regarding the matters discussed during the meeting.
I talk a lot to draw attention to myself.
I cooperate and help with the meeting.
I feel nervous and uncomfortable during the meeting.
5. A friend of yours is having a rough time in her/his life. You will…
|give advice based on my experience.tell her/him to solve things one by one.
try to cheer her/him up.
make her/him feel at ease.
be reminded of my problems.
6. On your way back from work, you are stuck in a traffic jam. Your respond is…
|to think that it is normal.to try to find an alternative way(s) to get back faster.
to listen to the music and sing along.
to just wait and be patient.
to be annoyed by the traffic jam.
7. You have a stressful week. How do you manage yourself?
|I channel the negative emotion by writing in my diary/ blog or drawing.I am determined to complete the tasks.
I go out with my friends to have fun.
I will be optimistic and believe in myself to overcome it.
I will be moody and have frequent mood swings.
8. You are required to work in a group. How do you react?
|I will get new experience.I am ready and prepared for it.
I can’t wait to work with new friends.
I will try to get along with my group members.
I am worried I couldn’t get along with them.
9. You come to an event alone. Once you are inside, you…
|smile to everyone and enjoy myself.carefully choose the right people as new friends.
talk to different people and mingle with the crowd.
try to get along with the people.
prefer to be alone and feel uncomfortable.
10. You just moved into a new city. Your own way of adapting to the new surrounding is…
|by taking a walk to explore the city and the people.to plan my daily life and organize myself.
by having a small gathering and inviting new neighbors to come.
to be positive and trust myself that I will get used to it.
by staying alone in the house and feeling uneasy.
A. Word List
The corpus study that I chose is Nouns. Based on Word List (AntConc), there are 10 most meaningful frequent words (in Noun form) in the text, which are (in rank order):
My group was assigned to determine the frequency, the manner, and the meaning of the phrase ‘one hundred years’ in the speech context.
But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we’ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.
- The frequency
The result in Concordance (AntConc) showed that the phrase ‘one hundred years’ existed four (4) times in the text.
- But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free.
This sentence emphasized on the Emancipation Proclamation (EP) that was issued by President Abraham Lincoln, first in 1862, then added on to in 1863. The EP had set few changes; Freedom of all slaves is one of them. However, according to Dr. King, after one hundred years the EP was issued, the freedom of black people was still unaccomplished as what the EP had stated.
- One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.
The sentence stressed on how miserable life of the black people were, because of the racism, separation, and discrimination, which were not vanished, even after 100 years the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.
- One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity.
The sentence indicated that the black people were still living in poverty in the middle of a modern country after the hundredth years the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.
- One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land.
The sentence emphasized on the black people who saw themselves as refugees in their own country as they were treated the same way as they were used to be treated the previous one hundred years, before the Emancipation Proclamation was issued, and it seemed like not much thing had changed after that.
All in all, in this context, he was emphasizing on his and the other black people’s thought of what ought to be changed in terms of freedom and racial equality as what the Emancipation Proclamation (EP) stated one hundred years before. The state of the black people that remained the same had aroused the question of whether the EP was made just as a bait to get the support from the black people against the Union, which was what had brought Dr. King to deliver this speech.
Do you know what Oxford comma is?
Do you know how to use it?
Do you know when to use it?
http://grammar.about.com/od/grammarfaq/f/QAoxfordcomma.htm provides guideline(s) for using comma(s) effectively.
Learn some more. It won’t hurt!